Immunization-Vaccination

If one wants to be pregnant or planning pregnancy, then ask the doctor to get the guide for updated vaccinations. Some infections can harm a pregnant woman and her baby. Vaccines protect the mother and baby against. Some are safe in pregnancy, and others are not. The doctor tells, what vaccines are right for before, during and after pregnancy.

Vaccines contain small amount of the organism that causes an infection. The organisms used in vaccines are generally weakened or killed so they won’t make one sick. It produces antibodies against the organism to become immune to an infection without having the illness first. There are three main kinds of vaccines:

  • Those that contain a live, but weakened organism
  • Those that contain a killed (inactivated) organism
  • Those that contain toxoids (chemically changed proteins from bacteria)

Vaccines recommended before Pregnancy
Certain vaccine-preventable illnesses, such as rubella (German measles) and chickenpox, can cause birth defects and other problems in the baby if got them during pregnancy. These  are made from live viruses. At a checkup before pregnancy, the doctor can make a blood test to find out the immunity. If one is not, she can safely be vaccinated before pregnancy. After being  vaccinated, one should wait for one month before conceiving.

If the expectant mother has not received the Dtap vaccine, then ask the doctor to vaccine before pregnancy. This protects  against:

  • Tetanus, a serious central nervous system disease
  • Diphtheria, a dangerous respiratory infection
  • Pertussis (whooping cough)

The Dtap vaccine replaces next tetanus/diphtheria (Td) booster.

Vaccines recommended during Pregnancy
The doctors usually suggest that all women who would be pregnant during the flu season must get a flu shot. The flu season is usually November through March. The shot is made from killed viruses and is safe for mother and baby.

If a pregnant women is at an increased risk for infection, then the doctor may suggest, to get a vaccination that is not routinely recommended for pregnant women. One may be easily infected on:

  • Working in a health care facility
  • Traveling to areas where infection is common
  • Having certain chronic conditions, as diabetes.

According to a committee, the following vaccinations are recommended for pregnant women who are at risk for an infection:

  • Hepatitis B
  • Meningococcal
  • Pneumococcal
  • Rabies

One must talk to the doctor about the benefits and risks of each vaccination. None of these have live viruses, so they don’t pose risks to the baby.

Vaccinations to be avoided in Pregnancy
According to the doctors, the following live-virus vaccines are not recommended during pregnancy:

  • Nasal spray flu vaccine
  • Measles
  • Mumps
  • Rubella (German measles)
  • MMR (combined measles, mumps and rubella vaccine)
  • Varicella (chickenpox)
  • BCG (tuberculosis)

The pregnancy must be postponed for one month after receiving any of these vaccinations. Little is known about how the following vaccinations may affect your baby:

  • Polio (IPV)
  • Hepatitis A
  • Anthrax
  • Japanese encephalitis
  • Typhoid
  • Vaccinia (smallpox)
  • Yellow fever

Some of these vaccines contain live viruses. The doctor must be careful to weigh the risks and benefits of using these vaccines during pregnancy.