Home Based Tests

Sometimes one might not be assured whether she is really pregnancy or has missed the periods. This can be always confirmed by taking the help of the professionals like the doctor.

If by chance, the appointment of the doctor is not available, or the appointment is due after a week, or you are too impatient, then it is always preferred to take help of the home-based tests. The pregnancy tests at home includes a number of questions like how the whole thing works, how to use the apparatus and what are the different kinds that are available in the market.

Pregnancy tests also called home based tests, check the presence of a hormone called human chorionic gonadotropin, or hCG. This is produced by the developing placenta, at the instant of time when the embryo attaches itself to the uterine lining. The amount of hCG present in the woman's body increases rapidly in the following days. The home pregnancy tests are based on the presence of hCG in the urine.

HCG is measured in thousandths of International Units, or mIU. This level is present in the urine of most pregnant women about eight to eleven days after ovulation or about the first day after a missed period. Usually, it is always suggested to use first-morning urine, as it is the most concentrated. If this cannot be done, then  avoid urination for several hours before testing is to be done.

Important Features.

  • The most sensitive tests currently detect about 15 to 25 mIU of hCG, corresponding to detection of pregnancy within about a day of a missed period for 90% of women.

  • "One-step" kits are generally considered the most convenient to use. Most can either be held briefly in the urine stream or dipped into a collection cup.

  • Test results may be easier or more difficult to read, depending on the design. A fair degree of contrast between the line or symbol and the background is important. Evaporation lines can make the test more difficult to interpret. 

  • If one requires a second test (for example, if your periods are irregular or you're testing very soon after a missed period), a double package is generally a better option than buying separately a second kit.